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Criminology, Political Science, and Public Administration

Resources for Criminology and Political Science students, graduate students in Public Administration, well as students completing certificate programs in those areas at UWG

Why cite?

What is Plagiarism?

The simplified definition for plagiarism is the copying and borrowing of another's original ideas and/or words. Plagiarism occurs with the inclusion of material not explicitly cited as well as with collaborative work from another student willfully or otherwise.


Penalties for Plagiarism

Each incidence of plagiarism is subject to review and consideration by the instructor, and is subject to a range of penalties including but not limited to failing the assignment, failing the course, and referral to the disciplinary review board (which may ultimately result in the expulsion, suspension, or disciplinary removal of the student from the university).

Citing Sources

Political Science
American Political Science Association (APSA) Style
  • APSA follows the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition in most instances. Style requirements for the four APSA-member journals are outlined in this style guide.


American Psychological Association (APA) Style

  • APA Style is used in psychology, nursing, business, communications, engineering, and related fields, as a standard for manuscripts and publications, as well as student papers submitted for courses.

Citing AI with APSA

APSA does not have a guide on how to cite AI. However, the Chicago Manual of Style has guidelines outlined in an FAQ.

  • The "author" is replaced by the AI tool used.
  • The "publisher" is replaced by the company who developed the tool.
  • Following these, the date of generation will take the place of publication date.
  • Finally, add a link to the item or chat, if available.
  • The prompt can either be included in the text of your paper, or it can be included in the citation following the "author."
    • For example: ChatGPT, response to "prompt," OpenAI, November 13, 2023. http://chatlink
  • If you've edited what was generated, it must be noted.

Citing AI with APA

APA has guidelines on how to cite ChatGPT specifically.

  • "Chat" with ChatGPT is sharing an alorithm's output.
  • The author of the algorithm is credited as the "author."
  • The "title" is the resource used, such as ChatGPT. Include version information if available.
  • Link to the chat or resource website.
  • Include the prompt within the text of your paper. Below is the example provided by APA:
    • When prompted with “Is the left brain right brain divide real or a metaphor?” the ChatGPT-generated text indicated that although the two brain hemispheres are somewhat specialized, “the notation that people can be characterized as ‘left-brained’ or ‘right-brained’ is considered to be an oversimplification and a popular myth” (OpenAI, 2023).


      OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 14 version) [Large language model].