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Psychology Graduate Students

Information about accessing information.

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

The APA style guide is available at ready reference.  While most citation databases have citation builders, it is best to double-check the results with this manual.  Below, we have included a few examples of citations for various types of sources.  They are intended to be used as a guide, but do not replace consulting the actual style manual published by the American Psychological Association.

APA Citations, 6th Edition

Citations: Include these in the text of your paper at the end of each sentence that uses a fact from a source, as (author, date). 

e.g. This is a sentence with a fact (Cook, 2010).

Bibliography: List all sources you used at the end of the paper.  APA bibliographies are called "References."

  • Books:

Author's last name, first initial, second initial. (Year). Title. Publication City, Publication State: Publisher.

Carré, J. L. (1996). The tailor of panama. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf.

Austen, J. (1987). Pride and prejudice. England: Galley Press. 

  • Academic, Scholarly, or Peer-Reviewed Journals:

Author's last name, first initial, second initial. (Year). Article Title. Journal Title, volume#(issue#), page#.

Mann, E. (2008). Parental perceptions of mathematical talent. Social Psychology of Education, 11(1), 43-57.

  • Magazines or Newspapers:

Author's last name, first initial, second initial. (Date). Article Title. Journal Title, volume#(issue#), page#.

With no volume: Liebenson, B. (1998, August 1). Where dinosaurs have always reigned. New York Times, CN17.

With volume: Garrity, J. (2007). Tiger 2.0. Sports Illustrated, 106(14), 68-75.

  • Databases:

If you get a source (book, article, review, etc) from a database, cite it as you normally would. The APA citation guide does not require you list the database you found a material in, unless it is rare or hard to find. You may include the document identification number (DOI) if the site or database list it.  Simply add the doi: ######### to the citation.

 Raphael, J.R., & Fox S. (2010). Plugged in. PC World, 28(7), 104.

  • Websites:

Author's last name, first initial, second initial. (Year).  Page Title. Retrieved from url

Author: Cook, J. (2010). MLA citation guide. Retrieved from http://libguides.westga.edu/aecontent.php?pid=10699&sid=71593

No Author: Does the camera ever lie? (1998). Retrieved from  http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/cwphtml/cwpcam/cwcam1.html.