There are two ways of categorizing artificial intelligence: by what they are capable of and by their functionality.
Large Language Models (LLMs) like ChatGPT learn statistical relationships between words from input text. They can then generate text by predicting the next word based on probability and a user-entered prompt. While these models are powerful, they do not know what is true and what is not.
IBM Data and AI Team. Understanding the different types of artificial intelligence. IBM. October 12, 2023. Retrieved January 9, 2024. https://www.ibm.com/blog/understanding-the-different-types-of-artificial-intelligence/
IBM Data and AI Team. What are large language models? IBM. Retrieved January 11, 2024. https://www.ibm.com/topics/large-language-models
Generative artificial intelligence (AI) is a category of web-based tools that use algorithms, data, and statistical models to draw reasonable inferences to create content of its own (e,g., text, images, etc.). They are not search engines but rather trained chatbots. Using a prompt, a chatbot strives to fill in the next missing content piece, "what one might expect" (Wolfram).
These tools use large language models to provide bots with the data they need to reply to a prompt you have given it appropriately. For example, when ChatGPT writes a response to a prompt, it provides text based on what words came before and what is the most likely next word. Because AI uses natural language and computes so quickly, it can often seem like the chatbot is, in fact, intelligent.
The field of AI is changing at a rapid pace. We know that these generative tools help users synthesize information and create content (code, essays, art, music, etc.). However, these tools can also "hallucinate", or make up facts or sources and create biased content.
Be sure to make sure it is ethical to use AI (see AI and Academic Integrity) and fact-check any content and sources you plan to use in the work you share with others or publish that has been generated by AI.
Source: Copied from UC San Diego Research Guide, which referenced the source below.
Artificial Intelligence is an emerging technology and is evolving quickly. As such, this guide may have some outdated information if a change was recent.
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