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BIOL 4539/5539: Comparative Physiology (Genz)

Resources for Dr. Genz's Comparative Physiology class.

Cited vs. Citing References

You can find cited and citing references in most science databases. What's the difference?

Cited references ("cited in") are sources referenced by a paper. These sources are listed at the end of a peer-reviewed article. Cited references reveal background information on an article's methods or research.

Citing references ("cited by") are sources that reference a paper. In other words, the article's authors used these sources in their research. You must use a database to find citing references; unlike "Cited in" references, "Cited by" references are not listed in the article. Citing references show how an idea or topic has developed over time.