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BIOL 4441/5441: Animal Behavior (Ballentine)

Resources for Dr. Ballentine's Animal Behavior class.

Cited vs. Citing References

In many databases you'll see links to references cited in or by an article. What's the difference?

Cited references ("cited in") are sources referenced by a paper. These sources are always listed at the end of a peer-reviewed article. Refer to cited references for background information on an article's methods or research.

Citing references ("cited by") are sources that reference a paper, i.e., their authors used the paper for their research. To find citing references, you must consult a database; they are not listed in the article. Citing references show how an idea or topic has developed over time.